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Fluid level checks Citroen Berlingo Multispace 1996 - 2010 Petrol 1.8

OnDemand step-by-step maintenance & repair BETA

Citroen
Berlingo Multispace
1996 - 2010  | 1.8 Fluid level checks

  • time 5 to 30 minutes
  • difficulty 1

Underbonnet check points

1.4 litre petrol engine (pre-September 2002) A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant expansion tank D Power steering fluid reservoir E Brake fluid reservoir F Washer fluid reservoir G Battery
1.6 litre petrol engine A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant expansion tank D Power steering fluid reservoir E Brake fluid reservoir F Washer fluid reservoir G Battery
1.6 litre diesel engine A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant expansion tank D Power steering fluid reservoir E Brake/clutch fluid reservoir F Washer fluid reservoir G Battery
1.9 litre DW series diesel engine (pre-September 2002) – XUD series diesel similar A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant expansion tank D Power steering fluid reservoir E Brake fluid reservoir F Washer fluid reservoir G Battery
1.9 litre DW series diesel engine (post- September 2002) A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant expansion tank D Power steering fluid reservoir E Brake fluid reservoir F Washer fluid reservoir G Battery
2.0 litre DW series diesel engine (post- September 2002) A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant expansion tank D Power steering fluid reservoir E Brake fluid reservoir F Washer fluid reservoir G Battery

Engine oil level

1 • Make sure that your vehicle is on level ground.
2 • Check the oil level before the vehicle is driven, or at least 5 minutes after the engine has been switched off.
HINT: If the oil is checked immediately after driving the vehicle, some of the oil will remain in the upper engine components, resulting in an inaccurate reading on the dipstick.

The correct oil

3 Modern engines place great demands on their oil. It is very important that the correct oil for your vehicle is used.
Engine oil grade:
  Petrol engines Synthetic or semi-synthetic multigrade engine oil, viscosity SAE 5W-40, 10W-40 or 5W-30* to specification API SH/SJ and/or ACEA A3: ESSO ULTRA/ULTRON or TOTAL QUARTZ
  Diesel engines Synthetic or semi-synthetic multigrade engine oil, viscosity SAE 5W-40, 10W-40 or 5W-30* to specification API CD and/or ACEA B3: ESSO ULTRA/ULTRON or TOTAL QUARTZ
* SAE 5W-30 engine oil may only be used in vehicles manufactured from the 2000 model year onward.

Car Care

4 • If you have to add oil frequently, you should check whether you have any oil leaks. Place some clean paper under the vehicle overnight, and check for stains in the morning. If there are no leaks, the engine may be burning oil.
5 • Always maintain the level between the upper and lower dipstick marks (see photo 3). If the level is too low, severe engine damage may occur. Oil seal failure may result if the engine is overfilled by adding too much oil.
The dipstick is often brightly coloured for easy identification. Withdraw the dipstick.
Using a clean rag or paper towel, wipe all the oil from the dipstick. Insert the clean dipstick into the tube as far as it will go, then withdraw it again.
Note the oil level on the end of the dipstick, which should be between the upper (MAX) mark and lower (MIN) mark.
Oil is added through the filler cap. Unscrew the cap and top up the level; a funnel may help to reduce spillage. Add the oil slowly, checking the level on the dipstick often. Don’t overfill (see Car Care).

Coolant level

Warning: DO NOT attempt to remove the expansion tank pressure cap when the engine is hot, as there is a very great risk of scalding. Do not leave open containers of coolant about, as it is poisonous.

Car Care

6 • Adding coolant should not be necessary on a regular basis. If frequent topping-up is required, it is likely there is a leak. Check the radiator, all hoses and joint faces for signs of staining or wetness, and rectify as necessary.
7 • It is important that antifreeze is used in the cooling system all year round, not just during the winter months. Don’t top-up with water alone, as the antifreeze will become too diluted.
The coolant level varies with engine temperature. On pre-September 2002 petrol models, the level is checked in the expansion tank, which is built into the right-hand side of the radiator. When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be between the MAX and MIN marks.
On pre-September 2002 diesel models, the expansion tank is located above the radiator, and the level can only be checked by removing the expansion tank cap (see step 4). When the engine is cold, the level is correct when it is just below the MAXI mark indicated on the side of the tank.
On all post-September 2002 petrol and diesel models, the level is checked in the expansion tank located on the right-hand side of the engine compartment. When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be between the MAX and MIN marks indicated on the side of the tank.
Unscrew the expansion tank filler cap
Add a 50/50 mixture of water and antifreeze to the expansion tank, until the coolant level is up to the MAX level mark. Refit the cap, turning it clockwise as far as it will go until it is secure.
Antifreeze type Mixture of monoethylene glycol based antifreeze (PROCOR TM 108, GLYSANTIN G33 or REVKOGEL 2000) and clean de-ionised water

Screen washer fluid level

8 Screenwash additives not only keep the windscreen clean during foul weather, they also prevent the washer system freezing in cold weather – which is when you are likely to need it most. Don’t top-up using plain water as the screenwash will become too diluted, and will freeze during cold weather.
Caution: On no account use coolant antifreeze in the washer system – this could discolour or damage paintwork.
The washer fluid reservoir is located at the front right-hand side of the engine compartment. To check the fluid level, open the cap and look down the filler neck.
f topping-up is necessary, add water and a screenwash additive in the quantities recommended on the bottle.

Power steering fluid level

9 • Park the vehicle on level ground.
10 • Set the steering wheel straight-ahead.
11 • The engine should be turned off.
HINT: For the check to be accurate, the steering must not be turned once the engine has been stopped.

Safety first!

12 • The need for frequent topping-up indicates a leak, which should be investigated immediately.
On pre - September 2002 models, the power steering fluid reservoir is located on the right-hand side of the engine compartment. The fluid level should be checked with the engine stopped. A translucent reservoir is fitted, with MAX and MIN markings on the reservoir.
The fluid level should be between the MAX and MIN marks. If topping-up is necessary, and before removing the cap, wipe the surrounding area so that dirt does not enter the reservoir.
Unscrew the cap, allowing the fluid to drain from the bottom of the cap as it is removed. Top up the fluid level to the MAX mark, using the specified type of fluid (do not overfill the reservoir), then refit and tighten the filler cap.
d On post-September 2002 models, the power steering fluid reservoir is integral with the power steering pump, located at the front of the engine. With the engine stopped, wipe clean the area around the reservoir filler neck, and unscrew the filler cap from the reservoir.
Wipe all fluid from the cap dipstick with a clean rag. Refit the filler cap, then remove it again and note the fluid level on the dipstick. When the engine is cold the fluid level should be between the lower (ADD) mark and the middle (C) mark on the dipstick. If the engine is warm, the fluid level may be up to the upper (H) mark.
If the fluid level is on or below the lower (ADD) mark, top-up the fluid level to the middle (C) mark, using the specified type of fluid (do not overfill). When the level is correct, securely refit the filler cap.
Power steering fluid ESSO ATF D or TOTAL FLUIDE AT42

Brake fluid level

Warning: Brake fluid can harm your eyes and damage painted surfaces, so use extreme caution when handling and pouring it.
Warning: Do not use fluid that has been standing open for some time, as it absorbs moisture from the air, which can cause a dangerous loss of braking effectiveness.

Safety first!

13 • If the reservoir requires repeated topping-up this is an indication of a fluid leak somewhere in the system, which should be investigated immediately.
14 • If a leak is suspected, the vehicle should not be driven until the braking system has been checked. Never take any risks where brakes are concerned.
The MAX and MIN marks are indicated on the side of the reservoir, which is located on the front of the vacuum servo unit in the engine compartment. The fluid level must be kept between these two marks.
If topping-up is necessary, first wipe the area around the filler cap with a clean rag before removing the cap. When adding fluid, it’s a good idea to inspect the reservoir. The system should be drained and refilled if dirt is seen in the fluid.
Carefully add fluid, avoiding spilling it on surrounding paintwork. Use only DOT 4 fluid; mixing different types of fluid can cause damage to the system and/or a loss of braking effectiveness. After filling to the correct level, refit the cap securely and wipe off any spilt fluid.
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