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Fluid level checks Fiat Grande Punto 2006 - 2015 Petrol 1.2 8v

OnDemand step-by-step maintenance & repair BETA

Grande Punto
2006 - 2015  | 1.2 8v Fluid level checks

  • time 5 to 30 minutes
  • difficulty 1

Underbonnet check points

DOHC (16-valve) engine - SOHC (8-valve) engine similar A) Engine oil level dipstick B) Engine oil filler cap C) Coolant expansion tank D) Brake fluid reservoir E) Screen/headlight washer fluid reservoir F) Battery

    Engine oil level

    1 Make sure that your car is on level ground
    2 Check the oil level before the car is driven, or at least 5 minutes after the engine has been switched off.
    If the oil is checked immediately after driving the vehicle, some of the oil will remain in the upper engine components, resulting in an inaccurate reading on the dipstick!

    The correct oil

    3 Modern engines place great demands on their oil. It is very important that the correct oil for your car is used.
    Engine oil grade 5W/40 meeting Fiat specification 9.55535-S2. Eg. Selenia KPE, Castrol Edge 5W40
    4 If you have to add oil frequently, you should check whether you have any oil leaks. Place some clean paper under the car overnight, and check for stains in the morning. If there are no leaks, the engine may be burning oil.
    5 Always maintain the level between the upper and lower dipstick marks. If the level is too low severe engine damage may occur. Oil seal failure may result if the engine is overfilled by adding too much oil.
    6 Withdraw the dipstick. Using a clean rag or paper towel, wipe all the oil from the dipstick. Insert the clean dipstick into the tube as far as it will go, then withdraw it again.
    Withdraw the engine oil level dipstick
    7 Note the oil level on the end of the dipstick, which should be between the upper MAX mark and the lower MIN mark.
    The oil level should be between the upper MAX mark and the lower MIN mark
    8 Oil is added through the filler cap on top of the engine. Rotate the cap through a quarter-turn anti-clockwise and withdraw it. Top-up the level. A funnel may help to reduce spillage. Add the oil slowly, checking the level on the dipstick often. Do not overfill.
    Unscrew the oil filler cap
    Use a funnel to reduce spillage. If you need to renew the oil and filter, click below
    - Close + Open

    Engine oil and filter change

    1 Frequent oil and filter changes are the most important preventative maintenance which can be undertaken by the DIY owner. As engine oil ages, it becomes diluted and contaminated, which leads to premature engine wear.
    2 Before starting this procedure, gather all the necessary tools and materials. Also make sure that you have plenty of clean rags and newspapers handy to mop-up any spills. Ideally, the engine oil should be warm, as it will drain better, and any impurities suspended in the oil will be removed with it. Take care, however, not to touch the exhaust or any other hot parts of the engine when working under the vehicle. To avoid any possibility of scalding, and to protect yourself from possible skin irritants and other harmful contaminants in used engine oils, it is advisable to wear gloves when carrying out this work. Access to the underside of the vehicle will be greatly improved if it can be raised on a lift, driven onto ramps, or jacked up and supported on axle stands. Whichever method is chosen, make sure that the vehicle remains level, or if it is at an angle, that the drain plug is at the lowest point.
    3 Slacken the drain plug about half a turn using an Allen key (SOHC 8v) or socket/spanner (DOHC 16v) (see illustrations) . Position the draining container under the drain plug, then remove the plug completely ( see Haynes Hint ).
    Sump drain plug - SOHC engines
    Sump drain plug - DOHC engines
    Keep the drain plug pressed into the sump while unscrewing it by hand the last couple of turns. As the plug releases, move it away sharply so the stream of oil issuing from the sump runs into the container, not up your sleeve.
    4 Allow some time for the old oil to drain, noting that it may be necessary to reposition the container as the oil flow slows to a trickle.
    5 After all the oil has drained, wipe off the drain plug with a clean rag, then clean the area around the drain plug opening and refit the plug using a new seal (see illustration) . Tighten the plug to the specified torque.
    Renew the sump plug sealing washer
    Engine oil drain plug: Nm Ibf ft
      SOHC 8v engines 45 33
      DOHC 16v engines 20 15
    6 Move the container into position under the oil filter, which is located on the front right-hand side of the engine (see illustration) .
    The oil filter is located on the front right-hand side of the engine
    7 Using an oil filter removal tool if necessary, slacken the filter initially, then unscrew it by hand the rest of the way (see illustration) . Empty the oil in the old filter into the container.
    Use an oil filter removal tool to initially slacken the filter
    8 Use a clean rag to remove all oil, dirt and sludge from the filter sealing area on the engine. Check the old filter to make sure that the rubber sealing ring has not stuck to the engine. If it has, carefully remove it.
    9 Apply a light coating of clean engine oil to the sealing ring on the new filter, then screw it into position on the engine (see illustration) . Tighten the filter firmly by hand only – do not use any tools.
    Apply a light coating of engine oil to the filter sealing ring
    10 Remove the old oil and all tools from under the car then lower it to the ground (if applicable).
    11 Withdraw the dipstick, and remove the oil filler cap from the cylinder head cover. Fill the engine, using the correct grade and type of oil. An oil can spout or funnel may help to reduce spillage. Pour in half the specified quantity of oil first, then wait a few minutes for the oil to run to the sump. Continue adding oil a small quantity at a time until the level is up to the MAX mark on the dipstick. Refit the filler cap.
    Engine oil quantity
      SOHC 8v engines 2.6 litres
      DOHC 16v engnes 2.9 litres
    Engine oil grade 5W/40 meeting Fiat specification 9.55535-S2. Eg. Selenia KPE, Castrol Edge 5W40
    12 Start the engine and run it for a few minutes; check for leaks around the oil filter seal and the sump drain plug. Note that there may be a delay of a few seconds before the oil pressure warning light goes out when the engine is first started, as the oil circulates through the engine oil galleries and the new oil filter before the pressure builds-up.
    13 Switch off the engine, and wait a few minutes for the oil to settle in the sump once more. With the new oil circulated and the filter completely full, recheck the level on the dipstick, and add more oil as necessary.
    14 Dispose of the used engine oil and filter safely. Do not discard the old filter with domestic household waste. The facility for waste oil disposal provided by many local council refuse tips generally has a filter receptacle alongside.

    Coolant level

    Warning: DO NOT attempt to remove the expansion tank pressure cap when the engine is hot, as there is a very great risk of scalding. Do not leave open containers of coolant about, as it is poisonous.
    9 With a sealed-type cooling system, adding coolant should not be necessary on a regular basis. If frequent topping-up is required, it is likely there is a leak. Check the radiator, all hoses and joint faces for signs of staining or wetness, and rectify as necessary.
    10 It is important that antifreeze is used in the cooling system all year round, not just during the winter months. Don’t top-up with water alone, as the antifreeze will become too diluted.
    Antifreeze type Paraflu Up*
    *Check with dealer for latest specifications.
    11 The coolant level varies with the temperature of the engine. When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be level with the marker bar withing the filler neck. When the engine is hot, the level will rise approximately 15 mm.
    12 If topping-up is necessary, wait until the engine is cold, then slowly unscrew the expansion tank filler cap anti-clockwise, to release any pressure in the system, and remove it.
    Unscrew the coolant expansion tank filler cap
    13 Add a mixture of water and antifreeze through the expansion tank filler neck, until the coolant is level with the MAX mark on the side of the expansion tank. Refit the cap, turning it clockwise as far as it will go until it is secure.
    Add coolant to the expansion tank...
    ...until it is filled to the MAX level. Should you need to replace the coolant, click below
    - Close + Open

    Coolant replacement

    Warning: Wait until the engine is cold before starting this procedure. Do not allow anti-freeze to come into contact with your skin, or with the painted surfaces of the vehicle. Rinse off spills immediately with plenty of water. Never leave antifreeze lying around in an open container, or in a puddle in the driveway or on the garage floor. Children and pets are attracted by its sweet smell, but antifreeze can be fatal in ingested.

    Coolant system draining

    1 With the engine completely cold, cover the expansion tank cap with a wad of rag, and slowly turn the cap anti-clockwise to relieve the pressure in the cooling system (a hissing sound will normally be heard). Wait until any pressure remaining in the system is released, then continue to turn the cap until it can be removed.
    2 Place a suitable container beneath the drain tap at the left-hand end of the radiator, then open the drain tap and allow the coolant to drain (see illustration) .
    Radiator drain tap
    3 The cooling system bleed screw should be opened to aid the draining process and help prevent airlocks. The screw is located at the top right-hand edge of the radiator (see illustration) . If the coolant has been drained for a reason other than renewal, then provided it is clean and less than two years old, it can be re-used, though this is not recommended.
    The coolant bleed screw is at the right-hand corner - access is limited
    4 When the coolant has finished draining, close the drain tap and remove the container.

    Cooling system flushing

    5 If coolant renewal has been neglected, or if the antifreeze mixture has become diluted, then in time, the cooling system may gradually lose efficiency, as the coolant passages become restricted due to rust, scale deposits, and other sediment. The cooling system efficiency can be restored by flushing the system clean.
    6 The radiator should be flushed independently of the engine, to avoid contamination.

    Radiator flushing

    7 To flush the radiator disconnect the top and bottom hoses and any other relevant hoses from the radiator.
    8 Insert a garden hose into the radiator top inlet. Direct a flow of clean water through the radiator, and continue flushing until clean water emerges from the radiator bottom outlet.
    9 If after a reasonable period, the water still does not run clear, the radiator can be flushed with a good proprietary cooling system cleaning agent. It is important that their manufacturer’s instructions are followed carefully. If the contamination is particularly bad, insert the hose in the radiator bottom outlet, and reverse-flush the radiator.

    Engine flushing

    10 To flush the engine, remove the thermostat housing.
    11 With the top and bottom hoses disconnected from the radiator, insert a garden hose into the radiator bottom hose. Direct a clean flow of water through the engine, and continue flushing until clean water emerges from the thermostat housing opening in the cylinder head.
    12 On completion of flushing, refit the thermostat housing and reconnect the hoses.

    Cooling system filling

    13 Before attempting to fill the cooling system, make sure that all hoses and clips are in good condition, and that the clips are tight. Note that an antifreeze mixture must be used all year round, to prevent corrosion of the engine components (see below).
    Coolant quantity 5.3 litres
    Antifreeze type Paraflu Up*
    *Check with dealer for latest specifications.
    14 Remove the expansion tank filler cap, and fill the system by slowly pouring the coolant into the expansion tank to prevent airlocks from forming. Ensure that the bleed screw is open.
    15 If the coolant is being renewed, begin by pouring in a couple of litres of water, followed by the correct quantity of antifreeze, then top-up with more water. Periodically squeeze the radiator top and bottom hoses to help expel any trapped air in the system.
    16 Continue adding coolant until it is seen to emerge from the bleed screw. Close the bleed screw as the coolant emerges.
    17 Top-up the coolant level to the MAX mark and refit the expansion tank cap. Ensure that the bleed screw is closed.
    18 Start the engine and run it at idling speed for two to three minutes. Allow the engine to continue running until the electric cooling fan operates, but during this time periodically increase the engine speed gradually to 2000 to 3000 rpm.
    19 Stop the engine and allow it to cool down completely.
    20 Check for leaks, particularly around disturbed components. Check the coolant level in the expansion tank, and top-up if necessary. Note that the system must be cold before an accurate level is indicated in the expansion tank.

    Anti-freeze mixture

    21 The antifreeze should always be renewed at the specified intervals. This is necessary not only to maintain the antifreeze properties, but also to prevent corrosion which would otherwise occur as the corrosion inhibitors become progressively less effective.
    22 Always use a monoethylene-glycol based antifreeze of the specified type.
    23 Before adding antifreeze, the cooling system should be completely drained, preferably flushed, and all hoses checked for condition and security.
    24 After filling with antifreeze, a label should be attached to the expansion tank, stating the type and concentration of antifreeze used, and the date installed. Any subsequent topping-up should be made with the same type and concentration of antifreeze.
    Caution: Do not use engine antifreeze in the windscreen/tailgate washer system, as it will cause damage to the vehicle paintwork. A screenwash additive should be added to the washer system in the quantities stated on the bottle.

    Brake/clutch fluid level

    Warning: Brake fluid can harm your eyes and damage painted surfaces, so use extreme caution when handling and pouring it.
    Caution: Do not use fluid that has been standing open for some time, as it absorbs moisture from the air, which can cause a dangerous loss of braking effectiveness.
    HINT: The fluid level in the reservoir will drop slightly as the brake pads wear down, but the fluid level must never be allowed to drop below the “MIN” mark.

    Safety first!

    14 If the reservoir requires repeated topping-up this is an indication of a fluid leak somewhere in the system, which should be investigated immediately.
    15 The brake and clutch fluid reservoir is mounted on the right-hand side of the bulkhead. The MAX and MIN level marks are indicated on the side of the reservoir and the fluid level should be maintained between these marks at all times.
    The MAX and MIN levels are shown on the side of the reservoir
    16 On manual transmission models, the clutch master cylinder is supplied with fluid from the brake master cylinder reservoir.
    17 If topping-up is necessary, wipe the area around the filler cap with a clean rag before removing the cap. It’s a good idea to inspect the reservoir. The fluid should be changed if dirt is visible.
    Wipe around the filler cap
    18 Carefully add fluid, avoiding spilling it on surrounding paintwork. Use only DOT 4 Plus fluid; mixing different types of fluid can cause damage to the system and/or a loss of braking effectiveness. After filling to the correct level, refit the cap securely. Wipe off any spilt fluid.
    Carefully add fluid, avoiding spillage

    Screen/headlight washer fluid level

    19 Screenwash additives not only keep the windscreen clean during foul weather, they also prevent the washer system freezing in cold weather - which is when you are likely to need it most. Don’t top up using plain water as the screenwash will become too diluted, and will freeze during cold weather.
    Caution: On no account use coolant antifreeze in the washer system - this could discolour or damage paintwork.
    20 The reservoir for the windscreen and rear window, and headlight (where applicable) washer systems is located in the front left-hand corner of the engine compartment. If topping up is necessary, open the cap.
    Open the windscreen/headlight washer fluid reservoir cap
    21 When topping-up the reservoir a screenwash additive should be added in the quantities recommended on the container.
    Top up the screen/headlight washer reservoir. It could also be time to replace the wiper blades. For details, click below
    - Close + Open

    Wiper blade replacement

    Check the condition of the wiper blades. If they are cracked or show any signs of deterioration, or if the glass swept area is smeared, renew them. For maximum clarity of vision, wiper blades should be renewed annually, as a matter of course.

    Front wiper blades

    1 Set the wipers in the
    2 Fold the wiper arms away from the windscreen.
    Caution: Do not attempt to fold the arms away from the windscreen when they at not at the vertical position, otherwise damage to the bonnet may result.
    Squeeze together the clips, and slide the blade from the arm

    Rear wiper blade

    Pull the blade away from the screen, and pull the blade from the arm
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