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Fluid level checks Fiat Punto 2006 - 2015 Petrol 1.4

OnDemand step-by-step maintenance & repair BETA

Fiat Punto 2006 - 2015  | 1.4 Fluid level checks

  • time 5 to 30 minutes
  • difficulty 1

Underbonnet check points

DOHC (16-valve) engine - SOHC (8-valve) engine similar A) Engine oil level dipstick B) Engine oil filler cap C) Coolant expansion tank D) Brake fluid reservoir E) Screen/headlight washer fluid reservoir F) Battery

    Engine oil level

    1 Make sure that your car is on level ground
    2 Check the oil level before the car is driven, or at least 5 minutes after the engine has been switched off.
    If the oil is checked immediately after driving the vehicle, some of the oil will remain in the upper engine components, resulting in an inaccurate reading on the dipstick!

    The correct oil

    3 Modern engines place great demands on their oil. It is very important that the correct oil for your car is used.
    Engine oil grade 5W/40 meeting Fiat specification 9.55535-S2. Eg. Selenia KPE, Castrol Edge 5W40
    4 If you have to add oil frequently, you should check whether you have any oil leaks. Place some clean paper under the car overnight, and check for stains in the morning. If there are no leaks, the engine may be burning oil.
    5 Always maintain the level between the upper and lower dipstick marks. If the level is too low severe engine damage may occur. Oil seal failure may result if the engine is overfilled by adding too much oil.
    6 Withdraw the dipstick. Using a clean rag or paper towel, wipe all the oil from the dipstick. Insert the clean dipstick into the tube as far as it will go, then withdraw it again.
    Withdraw the engine oil level dipstick
    7 Note the oil level on the end of the dipstick, which should be between the upper MAX mark and the lower MIN mark.
    The oil level should be between the upper MAX mark and the lower MIN mark
    8 Oil is added through the filler cap on top of the engine. Rotate the cap through a quarter-turn anti-clockwise and withdraw it. Top-up the level. A funnel may help to reduce spillage. Add the oil slowly, checking the level on the dipstick often. Do not overfill.
    Unscrew the oil filler cap
    Use a funnel to reduce spillage

    Coolant level

    Warning: DO NOT attempt to remove the expansion tank pressure cap when the engine is hot, as there is a very great risk of scalding. Do not leave open containers of coolant about, as it is poisonous.
    9 With a sealed-type cooling system, adding coolant should not be necessary on a regular basis. If frequent topping-up is required, it is likely there is a leak. Check the radiator, all hoses and joint faces for signs of staining or wetness, and rectify as necessary.
    10 It is important that antifreeze is used in the cooling system all year round, not just during the winter months. Don’t top-up with water alone, as the antifreeze will become too diluted.
    Antifreeze type Paraflu Up*
    *Check with dealer for latest specifications.
    11 The coolant level varies with the temperature of the engine. When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be level with the marker bar withing the filler neck. When the engine is hot, the level will rise approximately 15 mm.
    12 If topping-up is necessary, wait until the engine is cold, then slowly unscrew the expansion tank filler cap anti-clockwise, to release any pressure in the system, and remove it.
    Unscrew the coolant expansion tank filler cap
    13 Add a mixture of water and antifreeze through the expansion tank filler neck, until the coolant is level with the MAX mark on the side of the expansion tank. Refit the cap, turning it clockwise as far as it will go until it is secure.
    Add coolant to the expansion tank...
    ...until it

    Brake/clutch fluid level

    Warning: Brake fluid can harm your eyes and damage painted surfaces, so use extreme caution when handling and pouring it.
    Caution: Do not use fluid that has been standing open for some time, as it absorbs moisture from the air, which can cause a dangerous loss of braking effectiveness.
    HINT: The fluid level in the reservoir will drop slightly as the brake pads wear down, but the fluid level must never be allowed to drop below the “MIN” mark.

    Safety first!

    14 If the reservoir requires repeated topping-up this is an indication of a fluid leak somewhere in the system, which should be investigated immediately.
    15 The brake and clutch fluid reservoir is mounted on the right-hand side of the bulkhead. The MAX and MIN level marks are indicated on the side of the reservoir and the fluid level should be maintained between these marks at all times.
    The MAX and MIN levels are shown on the side of the reservoir
    16 On manual transmission models, the clutch master cylinder is supplied with fluid from the brake master cylinder reservoir.
    17 If topping-up is necessary, wipe the area around the filler cap with a clean rag before removing the cap. It’s a good idea to inspect the reservoir. The fluid should be changed if dirt is visible.
    Wipe around the filler cap
    18 Carefully add fluid, avoiding spilling it on surrounding paintwork. Use only DOT 4 Plus fluid; mixing different types of fluid can cause damage to the system and/or a loss of braking effectiveness. After filling to the correct level, refit the cap securely. Wipe off any spilt fluid.
    Carefully add fluid, avoiding spillage

    Screen/headlight washer fluid level

    19 Screenwash additives not only keep the windscreen clean during foul weather, they also prevent the washer system freezing in cold weather - which is when you are likely to need it most. Don’t top up using plain water as the screenwash will become too diluted, and will freeze during cold weather.
    Caution: On no account use coolant antifreeze in the washer system - this could discolour or damage paintwork.
    20 The reservoir for the windscreen and rear window, and headlight (where applicable) washer systems is located in the front left-hand corner of the engine compartment. If topping up is necessary, open the cap.
    Open the windscreen/headlight washer fluid reservoir cap
    21 When topping-up the reservoir a screenwash additive should be added in the quantities recommended on the container.
    Top up the screen/headlight washer reservoir
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