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Fluid level checks Ford Fiesta 2002 - 2008 Petrol 1.3

OnDemand step-by-step maintenance & repair BETA

Ford Fiesta 2002 - 2008  | 1.3 Fluid level checks

  • time 5 to 30 minutes
  • difficulty 1

Underbonnet check points

Diesel engine - Duratorq 1.6 TDCi A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant reservoir (expansion tank) D Brake and clutch fluid reservoir E Washer fluid reservoir F Battery
Petrol engine - Duratec 16V A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant reservoir (expansion tank) D Brake and clutch fluid reservoir E Power steering fluid reservoir F Washer fluid reservoir G Battery
Diesel engine - Duratorq 1.4 TDCi A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant reservoir (expansion tank) D Brake and clutch fluid reservoir E Power steering fluid reservoir F Washer fluid reservoir G Battery

Engine oil level

HINT: If the oil is checked immediately after driving the car, some of the oil will remain in the upper engine components, resulting in an inaccurate reading on the dipstick.

The correct oil

1 Modern engines place great demands on their oil. It is very important that the correct oil for your car is used.
Engine oil grade Motorcraft Formula E, or SAE 5W-30 engine oil to Ford specification WSS-M2C913-B

Car Care

2 If you have to add oil frequently, you should check whether you have any oil leaks. Place some clean paper under the car overnight, and check for stains in the morning. If there are no leaks, the engine may be burning oil.
3 Always maintain the level between the upper and lower dipstick marks (see photo 3). If the level is too low severe engine damage may occur. Oil seal failure may result if the engine is overfilled by adding too much oil.
The dipstick is located in a tube at the front of the engine on all engines except the 1.3 litre, which has it at the rear of the engine (see Underbonnet check points for exact location). Withdraw the dipstick.
Using a clean rag or paper towel, wipe all the oil from the dipstick. Insert the clean dipstick into the tube as far as it will go, then withdraw it again.
Note the oil level on the end of the dipstick, which should be between the upper (MAX) mark and the lower (MIN) mark.If the engine is very hot, the oil level may appear to be above the upper mark, owing to thermal expansion. Approximately 0.5 to 1.0 litre of oil will raise the level from the lower to the upper mark.
Oil is added through the filler cap. Unscrew the filler cap, then top-up the level. A funnel may help to reduce spillage. Add the oil slowly, checking the level on the dipstick often. Don’t overfill. If you need to renew the oil and filter, click below

Coolant level

Warning: DO NOT attempt to remove the expansion tank pressure cap when the engine is hot, as there is a very great risk of scalding. Do not leave open containers of coolant about, as it is poisonous.

Car Care

4 With a sealed-type cooling system, adding coolant should not be necessary on a regular basis. If frequent topping-up is required, it is likely there is a leak. Check the radiator, all hoses and joint faces for signs of staining or wetness, and rectify as necessary.
5 It is important that antifreeze is used in the cooling system all year round, not just during the winter months. Don’t top-up with water alone, as the antifreeze will become too diluted.
The coolant level varies with the temperature of the engine. The large expansion tank (located at the rear of the engine compartment, on the driver’s side) has MAX and MIN level markings. When cold, the level should be between the two marks.When the engine is hot, the level may rise slightly above the MAX mark.
If topping-up is necessary, wait until the engine is cold, then turn the pressure cap on the expansion tank slowly anti-clockwise, and pause until any pressure remaining in the system is released. Unscrew the cap and lift off.
Add a mixture of water and antifreeze to the expansion tank, until the coolant is up to the MAX mark. Refit the cap, turning it clockwise as far as it will go until it is secure. Recheck that the cap is securely tightened once the engine is warm. Should you need to replace the coolant, click below

Brake and clutch* fluid level

6 * The brake fluid reservoir also supplies fluid to the clutch master cylinder.
Warning: Brake fluid can harm your eyes and damage painted surfaces, so use extreme caution when handling and pouring it. Do not use fluid that has been standing open for some time, as it absorbs moisture from the air, which can cause a dangerous loss of braking effectiveness.

Safety first!

7 If the reservoir requires repeated topping-up this is an indication of a fluid leak somewhere in the system, which should be investigated immediately.
8 If a leak is suspected, the car should not be driven until the braking system has been checked. Never take any risks where brakes are concerned.
The MAX and MIN marks are indicated on the side of the reservoir, which is located right at the back of the engine compartment, on the driver’s side. The fluid level must be kept between these two marks.
If topping-up is necessary, first wipe the area around the filler cap with a clean rag, then unscrew the cap. When adding fluid, it’s a good idea to inspect the reservoir. The fluid should be changed if it appears to be dark, or if dirt is visible.
Carefully add fluid, avoiding spilling it on surrounding paintwork. Use only DOT 4 fluid; mixing different types of fluid can cause damage to the system and/or a loss of braking effectiveness. After filling to the correct level, refit the cap securely. Wipe off any spilt fluid.

Screen washer fluid level

9 Screenwash additives not only keep the windscreen clean during bad weather, they also prevent the washer system freezing in cold weather – which is when you are likely to need it most. Don’t top up using plain water, as the screenwash will become diluted and will freeze in cold weather.
Warning: On no account use coolant antifreeze in the washer system - this could discolour or damage paintwork.
The windscreen/tailgate washer fluid reservoir filler neck is located on the passenger side of the engine compartment,next to the battery. If topping-up is necessary, open the cap.
When topping-up the reservoir, a screenwash additive should be added in the quantities recommended on the bottle. It could also be time to replace the wiper blades. For details, click below
- Close + Open

Wiper blade replacement

Check the condition of the wiper blades; if they are cracked or show any signs of deterioration, or if the glass swept area is smeared, renew them. For maximum clarity of vision, wiper blades should be renewed annually, as a matter of course.
To remove a windscreen wiper blade, pull the arm fully away from the screen until it locks. Swivel the blade through 90°, then depress the locking clip at the base of the mounting block, and slide the blade out of the hooked end of the arm.
Don’t forget to check the tailgate wiper blade as well. The blade can be removed the same way as the windscreen wiper blades.

Power steering fluid level

Note: This Section applies to all petrol models and 1.4 litre diesel models. 1.6 litre diesel models are equipped with an electro-hydraulic system, and the reservoir is hidden beneath the left-hand headlight. There is no requirement to carry out a weekly check of the fluid level on 1.6 litre diesel models.

Before you start

10 The level should be checked when the engine is cold (ie, before the car is driven).

Safety first!

11 The need for frequent topping-up indicates a leak which should be investigated immediately.
12 If a leak is suspected, the car should not be driven until the braking system has been checked. Never take any risks where brakes are concerned.
The power steering fluid reservoir is located in front of the coolant expansion tank. The fluid level should be checked with the engine stopped. A translucent reservoir is fitted, with MAX and MIN markings on the side of the reservoir.
The fluid level should be between the MAX and MIN marks. If topping-up is necessary, and before removing the cap, wipe the surrounding area so that dirt does not enter the reservoir.
Unscrew the cap, allowing the fluid to drain from the bottom of the cap as it is removed. Top up the fluid level to the MAX mark, using only Hydraulic fluid to Ford specification WSA-M2C 57-A (do not overfill the reservoir), then refit and tighten the filler cap.
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