Drum brake shoes must be renewed on BOTH rear wheels at the same time – never renew the shoes on only one wheel, as uneven braking may result. Also, the dust created by wear of the shoes may contain asbestos, which is a health hazard. Never blow it out with compressed air, and don’t inhale any of it. An approved filtering mask should be worn when working on the brakes. DO NOT use petroleum-based solvents to clean brake parts; use brake cleaner or methylated spirit only.
Chock the front wheels, release the handbrake and engage 1st gear (or P). Loosen the relevant wheel nuts, jack up the rear of the vehicle and support it on axle stands. Remove the appropriate rear wheel.
Prise off the spring clip (where fitted), and pull the drum from place. If the drum is reluctant to move, use two 8.0 mm bolts screwed into the threaded holes provided, and draw the drum from place
Prise off the clip (arrowed)
Use 2 x 8 mm bolts to force the drum from place
Note the fitted position of the springs and the brake shoes, then clean the components with brake cleaner, and allow to dry
; position a tray beneath the backplate, to catch the cleaner and residue.
Clean the components with brake cleaner
Remove the two shoe hold-down springs, use a pair of pliers to depress the ends so that they can be withdrawn off the pins. If required, remove the hold-down pins from the backplate
. Note that on some models, it’s not possible to remove the rearmost hold-down pin with the backplate in place.
Depress the hold-down spring, and slide it from under the head of the pin
Disconnect the top ends of the shoes from the wheel cylinder, taking care not to damage the rubber boots
Pull the top end of the shoe assembly outwards from the wheel cylinder
To prevent the wheel cylinder pistons from being accidentally ejected, fit a suitable elastic band or wire lengthways over the cylinder/pistons. DO NOT press the brake pedal while the shoes are removed.
Pull the bottom end of the brake shoes from the bottom anchor
. Use pliers or an adjustable spanner over the edge of the shoe to lever it away, if required.
Pull the bottom end of the shoes from the anchor...
...then pivot the whole brake shoe assembly outwards
Pull the handbrake cable spring back from the operating lever on the rear of the trailing shoe. Unhook the cable end from the cut-out in the lever, and remove the brake shoes
Pull the spring back and disengage the handbrake lever cable end fitting from the lever on the shoe
Working on a clean bench, move the bottom ends of the brake shoes together, and unhook the lower return spring from the shoes, noting the location holes
Unhook the lower return spring
Pull the leading shoe from the strut and brake shoe adjuster
Pull the shoe from the strut and brake shoe adjuster
Pull the adjustment strut to release it from the trailing brake shoe, then unhook the upper return spring from the shoes, noting the location holes
. Ford insist that the upper return spring is renewed.
Pull the adjustment strut from the trailing shoe...
...then unhook the upper return spring
If the wheel cylinder shows signs of fluid leakage, or if there is any reason to suspect it of being defective, inspect it now.
Clean the backplate, and apply small amounts of high melting-point brake grease to the brake shoe contact points. Be careful not to get grease on any friction surfaces.
Lubricate the sliding components of the brake shoe adjuster with a little high melting-point brake grease.
Fit the new brake shoes using a reversal of the removal procedure, but set the adjustment strut so the diameter of the shoe assembly is 228 mm
Set the adjustment strut so that the diameter of the shoe assembly is 228 mm
When reassembled, the top of the assembly should look like this...
...and the lower end should look like this
The remainder of refitting is a reversal of removal.
With the drum in position, refit the wheel, then carry out the renewal procedure on the remaining rear brake.
Lower the vehicle to the ground, and tighten the roadwheel nuts to the specified torque.
| Gold nuts for steel wheels
| Silver nuts for steel wheels
| One-piece alloy nuts for alloy wheels and 5-spoke steel wheels
| Two-piece alloy nuts with conical washer
Depress the brake pedal several times, in order to operate the self-adjusting mechanism and set the shoes at their normal operating position.
Make several forward and reverse stops, and operate the handbrake fully two or three times (adjust the handbrake as required). Give the vehicle a road test, to make sure that the brakes are functioning correctly, and to bed-in the new shoes to the contours of the drum. Remember that the new shoes will not give full braking efficiency until they have bedded-in.