BMW began life as the Rapp Motorenwerke company, which built aircraft engines. However, after the ousting of founder Karl Rapp in 1916, the company’s name was changed to the Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW). Following the end of the First World War, the company was forced to cease aircraft engine production, so branched out into motorcycle building, which it continues to do today. The company’s first automobile was the 1928 Dixi, which was in essence an Austin 7 built under licence from the British company. BMW reverted to aircraft engine building for the Second World War, but by 1958 was in financial trouble, so began to rebuild itself by selling its own version of the Iso Isetta bubble car. Since then, the company has grown to become one of the world’s foremost builders of luxury and sportscars, plus motorcycles, and engines. The company also owns the Mini brand, as well as Rolls-Royce motor cars. At Haynes, we have an extensive range of BMW repair manuals and online procedures available for professional mechanics and DIY car enthusiasts. We can give you all the help you need.