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Fluid level checks Ford Edge 2007 - 2013 Petrol 2-0

OnDemand step-by-step maintenance & repair BETA

Ford Edge 2007 - 2013  | 2-0 Fluid level checks

  • time 5 to 30 minutes
  • difficulty 1
1 Fluids are an essential part of the lubrication, cooling, brake and windshield washer systems. Because the fluids gradually become depleted and/or contaminated during normal operation of the vehicle, they must be periodically replenished. See “Recommended lubricants and fluids” at the bottom of the page before adding fluid to any of the following components.
Note: The vehicle must be on level ground when fluid levels are checked.
18.2 Engine oil dipstick (A) and oil filler cap (B) locations - 2.0L four-cylinder engine
3 The oil level should be checked before the vehicle has been driven, or about 5 minutes after the engine has been shut off. If the oil is checked immediately after driving the vehicle, some of the oil will remain in the upper part of the engine, resulting in an inaccurate reading on the dipstick.
18.4 The oil level should be in the safe range - if it’s below the MIN or ADD mark, add enough oil to bring it up to or near the MAX or FULL mark
5 It takes one quart of oil to raise the level from the MIN mark to the MAX mark on the dipstick. Do not allow the level to drop below the MIN mark or oil starvation may cause engine damage. Conversely, overfilling the engine (adding oil above the MAX mark) may cause oil fouled spark plugs, oil leaks or oil seal failures. Maintaining the oil level above the MAX mark can cause excessive oil consumption.
6 To add oil, remove the filler cap from the valve cover (see illustration 18.2) . After adding oil, wait a few minutes to allow the level to stabilize, then pull out the dipstick and check the level again. Add more oil if required. Install the filler cap and tighten it by hand only.
7 Checking the oil level is an important preventive maintenance step. A consistently low oil level indicates oil leakage through damaged seals, defective gaskets or past worn rings or valve guides. If the oil looks milky in color or has water droplets in it, the cylinder head gasket(s) may be blown or the head(s) or block may be cracked. The engine should be checked immediately. The condition of the oil should also be checked. Whenever you check the oil level, slide your thumb and index finger up the dipstick before wiping off the oil. If you see small dirt or metal particles clinging to the dipstick, the oil should be changed.

Engine coolant

Warning: Do not allow antifreeze to come in contact with your skin or painted surfaces of the vehicle. Flush contaminated areas immediately with plenty of water. Don’t store new coolant or leave old coolant lying around where it’s accessible to children or pets - they’re attracted by its sweet smell. Ingestion of even a small amount of coolant can be fatal! Wipe up garage floor and drip pan spills immediately. Keep antifreeze containers covered and repair cooling system leaks as soon as they’re noticed.
8 All vehicles covered by this manual are equipped with a pressurized coolant recovery system. A plastic expansion tank located at the right front corner of the engine compartment is connected by hoses to the cooling system (see illustration) . As the engine heats up during operation, the expanding coolant fills the tank.
18.8 The cooling system expansion tank is located at the right side of the engine compartment
9 The coolant level in the tank should be checked regularly.
Warning: Do not remove the expansion tank cap to check the coolant level when the engine is warm!
10 When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be in the COLD FILL range.
11 Drive the vehicle, let the engine cool completely then recheck the coolant level. Don’t use rust inhibitors or additives. If only a small amount of coolant is required to bring the system up to the proper level, water can be used. However, repeated additions of water will dilute the antifreeze and water solution. In order to maintain the proper ratio of antifreeze and water, always top up the coolant level with the correct mixture. An empty plastic milk jug or bleach bottle makes an excellent container for mixing coolant.
12 If the coolant level drops consistently, there may be a leak in the system. Inspect the radiator, hoses, filler cap, drain plugs and water pump. If no leaks are noted, have the expansion tank cap pressure tested by a service station.
13 If you have to remove the expansion tank cap wait until the engine has cooled completely, then wrap a thick cloth around the cap and unscrew it slowly, stopping if you hear a hissing noise. If coolant or steam escapes, let the engine cool down longer, then remove the cap.
14 Check the condition of the coolant as well. If it’s brown or rust colored, the system should be drained, flushed and refilled. Even if the coolant appears to be normal, the corrosion inhibitors wear out, so it must be replaced at the specified intervals.

Brake fluid

15 The brake master cylinder is mounted on the front of the power booster unit in the engine compartment.
16 To check the fluid level, simply look at the MAX and MIN marks on the brake fluid reservoir. The brake fluid level should be kept between the MIN (A) and MAX (B) marks on the translucent plastic reservoir
17 If the level is low, wipe the top of the reservoir cover with a clean rag to prevent contamination of the brake system before lifting the cover.
18 Add only the specified brake fluid to the reservoir. Mixing different types of brake fluid can damage the system. Fill the brake master cylinder reservoir only to the MAX line.
Warning: Use caution when filling the reservoir - brake fluid can harm your eyes and damage painted surfaces. Do not use brake fluid that is more than one year old or has been left open. Brake fluid absorbs moisture from the air. Excess moisture can cause a dangerous loss of braking.
19 While the reservoir cap is removed, inspect the master cylinder reservoir for contamination. If deposits, dirt particles or water droplets are present, the system should be drained and refilled.
20 After filling the reservoir to the proper level, make sure the lid is properly seated to prevent fluid leakage.
21 The fluid in the brake master cylinder will drop slightly as the brake pads at each wheel wear down during normal operation. If the master cylinder requires repeated replenishing to keep it at the proper level, this is an indication of leakage in the brake system, which should be corrected immediately. If the brake system shows an indication of leakage check all brake lines and connections, along with the calipers and booster.
22 If, upon checking the brake master cylinder fluid level, you discover the reservoir empty or nearly empty, the systems should be bled.
23 Fluid for the windshield washer system is stored in a plastic reservoir located at the right front of the engine compartment.
24 In milder climates, plain water can be used in the reservoir, but it should be kept no more than 2/3 full to allow for expansion if the water freezes. In colder climates, use windshield washer system antifreeze, available at any auto parts store, to lower the freezing point of the fluid. Mix the antifreeze with water in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions on the container.
Caution: Do not use cooling system antifreeze - it will damage the vehicle’s paint.

Power steering fluid

25 Check the power steering fluid level periodically to avoid steering system problems, such as damage to the pump.
Caution: DO NOT hold the steering wheel against either stop (extreme left or right turn) for more than five seconds. If you do, the power steering pump could be damaged.
18.26 The power steering fluid reservoir is located at the right rear corner of the engine compartment
27 Park the vehicle on level ground and apply the parking brake.
28 Run the engine until it has reached normal operating temperature. With the engine at idle, turn the steering wheel back and forth about 10 times to get any air out of the steering system. Shut the engine off with the wheels in the straight-ahead position.
29 Note the fluid level on the side of the reservoir. It should be between the MAX (A) and MIN (B) marks.
30 Add small amounts of fluid until the level is correct.
Caution: Do not overfill the reservoir. If too much fluid is added, remove the excess with a clean syringe or suction pump.
31 Check the power steering hoses and connections for leaks and wear.

Automatic transaxle fluid

Note: It isn’t necessary to check the transaxle fluid weekly; every 15,000 miles or 12 months is adequate (unless fluid leakage is suspected).
32 The level of the automatic transaxle fluid should be carefully maintained. Low fluid level can lead to slipping or loss of drive, while overfilling can cause foaming, loss of fluid and transaxle damage.
33 The transaxle fluid level should only be checked when the transaxle is hot (at its normal operating temperature). If the vehicle has just been driven over 10 miles (15 miles in a frigid climate), and the fluid temperature is 160 to 175-degrees F, the transaxle is hot.
Caution: If the vehicle has just been driven for a long time at high speed or in city traffic in hot weather, or if it has been pulling a trailer, an accurate fluid level reading cannot be obtained. Allow the fluid to cool down for about 30 minutes.
34 If the vehicle has not just been driven, park the vehicle on level ground, set the parking brake and start the engine. While the engine is idling, depress the brake pedal and move the selector lever through all the gear ranges, beginning and ending in Park.

V6 models (6F50/6F55 transaxles)

35 With the engine still idling, remove the dipstick from its tube. Check the level of the fluid on the dipstick and note its condition.
36 Wipe the fluid from the dipstick with a clean rag and reinsert it back into the filler tube until the cap seats.
37 Pull the dipstick out again and note the fluid level. The fluid level should be in the operating temperature range. If the level is at the low side of either range, remove the filler tube cap and add the specified automatic transmission fluid through the filler tube with a funnel.
Note: To access the filler tube, the air filter housing must be removed
- Close + Open

Air filter change

1 The air filter is located inside a housing at the left (driver’s) side of the engine compartment. To remove the air filter, release the clamps that secure the two halves of the air filter housing together, then separate the cover halves and remove the air filter element
2a Unlatch these clips...
1.4b …pull the cover out of the way and lift out the element.
2 Inspect the outer surface of the filter element. If it is dirty, replace it. If it is only moderately dusty, it can be reused by blowing it clean from the back to the front surface with compressed air. Because it is a pleated paper type filter, it cannot be washed or oiled. If it cannot be cleaned satisfactorily with compressed air, discard and replace it. While the cover is off, be careful not to drop anything down into the housing.
Caution: Never drive the vehicle with the air filter removed. Excessive engine wear could result and backfiring could even cause a fire under the hood.
3 Wipe out the inside of the air filter housing.
4 Place the new filter into the filter housing, making sure it seats properly.
5 Make sure the top half of the housing is seated properly, then secure it with the clamps.
38 Add just enough of the recommended fluid to fill the transaxle to the proper level. It takes about one pint to raise the level from the low mark to the high mark when the fluid is hot, so add the fluid a little at a time and keep checking the level until it is correct.
39 The condition of the fluid should also be checked along with the level. If the fluid at the end of the dipstick is black or a dark reddish brown color, or if it emits a burned smell, the fluid should be changed. If you are in doubt about the condition of the fluid, purchase some new fluid and compare the two for color and smell.

Four-cylinder models (6F35 transaxle)

40 Remove the engine splash shield fasteners and shield.
41 Raise the vehicle on a hoist, keeping the vehicle in a level position, and place a drain pan under the transaxle.
42 With the engine still idling and in the park position, remove the oil leveling plug on the side of the transaxle. Check the level of the fluid, it should be even with the bottom of the plug hole.
43 If the level is low, remove the filler tube cap (see illustration) and add the specified automatic transmission fluid through the filler tube with a funnel until the fluid starts to drip out of the oil leveling plug.
43 If the level is low, remove the filler tube cap and add the specified automatic transmission fluid through the filler tube with a funnel until the fluid starts to drip out of the oil leveling plug. Remove the cap from the transaxle fill tube to add transaxle fluid.
Note: Allow all excess fluid to drip out of the plug hole.
44 Once the fluid is even with the oil leveling plug hole install the plug and tighten the plug to torque listed below.
45 The condition of the fluid should also be checked along with the level. If the fluid is black or a dark reddish brown color, or if it emits a burned smell, the fluid should be changed. If you are in doubt about the condition of the fluid, purchase some new fluid and compare the two for color and smell.

Recommended lubricants and fluids

Note: Listed here are manufacturer recommendations at the time this manual was written. Manufacturers occasionally upgrade their fluid and lubricant specifications, so check with your local auto parts store for current recommendations.
Engine oil
  Type API “certified for gasoline engines”
  Viscosity
    Four-cylinder engine SAE 5W-30
    V6 engines SAE 5W-20
Fuel Unleaded gasoline, 87 octane
Automatic transaxle fluid
  2007 and 2008 models MERCON V Automatic Transmission Fluid
  2009 models*
    Early build MERCON V Automatic Transmission Fluid
    Late build MERCON LV Automatic Transmission Fluid
  2010 and later models MERCON LV Automatic Transmission Fluid
Caution: Do not mix MERCON V and MERCON LV fluids. Transaxle damage could occur.
Transfer case (AWD models) MERCON LV Automatic Transmission Fluid
Rear differential lubricant (AWD models) SAE 80W-90 Premium Rear Axle Lubricant
Brake fluid DOT 3 brake fluid
Engine coolant 50/50 mixture of Motorcraft Specialty Green Engine Coolant (green colored) or Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant (orange colored) and distilled water
Caution: Do not mix coolants of different colors. Doing so might damage the cooling system and/or the engine. The manufacturer specifies either a green-colored coolant or an orange-colored coolant to be used in these systems, depending on what was originally installed in the vehicle.
Power steering system MERCON V automatic transmission fluid

Capacities*

Engine oil (including filter)
  Four-cylinder engine 5.7 quarts (5.4 liters)
  V6 engines 6.0 quarts (5.7 liters)
Coolant
  Four-cylinder engine
    Without trailer tow option Up to 11.3 quarts (10.7 liters)
    With trailer tow option Up to 11.5 quarts (10.9 liters)
  V6 engines
    Without trailer tow option Up to 11.7 quarts (11.1 liters)
    With trailer tow option Up to 11.9 quarts (11.3 liters)
Automatic transaxle (dry fill)
  Four-cylinder models (6F35) Up to 9 quarts (8.5 liters)
  V6 models (6F50/6F55) Up to 11.1 quarts (10.5 liters)
Note: Since this is a dry-fill specification, the amount required during a routine fluid change will be substantially less. The best way to determine the amount of fluid to add during a routine fluid change is to measure the amount drained. Begin the refill procedure by initially adding 1/3 of the amount drained. Then, with the engine running, add 1/2-pint at a time (cycling the shifter through each gear position between additions) until the level is correct on the dipstick. It is important to not overfill the transaxle. You will, however, need to purchase a few extra quarts, since the fluid replacement procedure involves flushing the torque converter.
Transfer case (AWD models) Up to 18 ounces (0.53 liters)
Rear differential (AWD models) Up to 2.43 pints (1.15 liters)
46 * All capacities approximate. Add as necessary to bring up to appropriate level.
Torque specifications Ft-lbs (unless otherwise indicated) Nm
Note: One foot-pound (ft-lb) of torque is equivalent to 12 inch-pounds (in-lbs) of torque. Torque values below approximately 15 foot-pounds are expressed in inch-pounds, because most foot-pound torque wrenches are not accurate at these smaller values.
Engine oil drain plug 20 27
Automatic transaxle drain plug
  Four-cylinder models (6F35) 106 in-lbs 12
  V6 models (6F50/6F55) 80 in-lbs 9
Automatic transaxle oil leveling plug (four-cylinder models - 6F35) 71 in-lbs 8
Rear differential cover bolts (AWD) 17 23
Rear differential check/fill plug (AWD) 21 29
Transfer case check/fill plug 177 in-lbs 20
Wheel lug nuts 100 135
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