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Fluid level checks Kia Sedona 2002 - 2014 Petrol 3.8 V6

OnDemand step-by-step maintenance & repair BETA

Kia Sedona 2002 - 2014  | 3.8 V6 Fluid level checks

  • time 5 to 30 minutes
  • difficulty 1
Note: The following are fluid level checks to be done on a 250-mile or weekly basis. Additional fluid level checks can be found in specific maintenance procedures that follow. Regardless of the intervals, develop the habit of checking under the vehicle periodically for evidence of fluid leaks
1 Fluids are an essential part of the lubrication, cooling, brake and window washer systems. Because the fluids gradually become depleted and/or contaminated during normal operation of the vehicle, they must be replenished periodically. See Recommended lubricants and fluids below before adding fluid to any of the following components
Note: The vehicle must be on level ground when fluid levels are checked

Engine oil

1 Engine oil level is checked with a dipstick
2 The dipstick (arrow) is located at the front of the engine and is clearly marked
3 The oil level should be checked before the vehicle has been driven, or about 10 minutes after the engine has been shut off. If the oil is checked immediately after driving the vehicle, some of the oil will remain in the upper engine components, resulting in an inaccurate reading on the dipstick
4 Pull the dipstick out of the tube and wipe all the oil off the end with a clean rag or paper towel. Insert the clean dipstick all the way back into the tube, then pull it out again. Note the oil level at the end of the dipstick. Add oil as necessary
5 The oil level should be between the L and F marks on the dipstick - if it isn’t, add enough oil to bring the level up to or near the upper mark (do not overfill)
6 Oil is added to the engine after removing a cap located on the valve cover
7 Turn the oil filler cap counterclockwise to remove it. Use a funnel to prevent spills as the oil is added
8 Don’t allow the level to drop below the L mark on the dipstick or engine damage may occur. On the other hand, don’t overfill the engine by adding too much oil - it may result in oil aeration and loss of oil pressure and also could result in oil fouled spark plugs, oil leaks or seal failures
9 Checking the oil level is an important preventive maintenance step. A consistently low oil level indicates oil leakage through damaged seals, defective gaskets or past worn rings or valve guides. If the oil looks milky in color or has water droplets in it, the block or head may be cracked and leaking coolant is entering the crankcase. The engine should be checked immediately. The condition of the oil should also be checked. Each time you check the oil level, slide your thumb and index finger up the dipstick before wiping off the oil. If you see small dirt or metal particles clinging to the dipstick, the oil should be changed

Engine coolant

Warning: Do not allow antifreeze to come into contact with your skin or painted surfaces of the vehicle. Flush contaminated areas immediately with plenty of water. Don’t store new coolant or leave old coolant lying around where it’s accessible to children or pets – they’re attracted by its sweet smell. Ingestion of even a small amount of coolant can be fatal! Wipe up garage floor and drip pan spills immediately. Keep antifreeze containers covered and repair cooling system leaks as soon as they’re noticed
1 All engines covered here are equipped with a coolant recovery system. A white plastic coolant reservoir is located at the right side of the engine compartment and is connected by a hose to the radiator filler neck. If the coolant heats up sufficiently during operation, in excess of the radiator cap pressure rating, it can escape past the filler cap and into the reservoir. As the engine cools, the coolant is drawn back into the cooling system to maintain the correct level
Warning: Do not remove the radiator cap to check the coolant level when the engine is warm
2 The coolant level in the reservoir should be checked regularly. The level in the reservoir varies with the temperature of the engine. When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be mid-way between the LOW and FULL marks on the reservoir. Once the engine has warmed up, the level should be at or near the FULL mark. If it isn’t, allow the engine to cool, then remove the cap from the tank and add a 50/50 mixture of ethylene glycol based antifreeze and water (see below)
3 Maintain the coolant level between the LOW and FULL marks on the reservoir
4 Drive the vehicle and recheck the coolant level. If only a small amount of coolant is required to bring the system up to the proper level, water can be used. However, repeated additions of water will dilute the antifreeze and water solution. In order to maintain the proper ratio of antifreeze and water, always top up the coolant level with the correct mixture. Don’t use rust inhibitors or additives. An empty plastic milk jug or bleach bottle makes an excellent container for mixing coolant
5 If the coolant level drops consistently, there may be a leak in the system. Inspect the radiator, hoses, filler cap, drain plugs and water pump. If no leaks are noted, have the pressure cap pressure tested by a service station
6 If you have to remove the radiator cap, wait until the engine has cooled completely, then wrap a thick cloth around the cap and turn it to the first stop. If coolant or steam escapes, or if you hear a hissing noise, let the engine cool down longer, then remove the cap
7 Check the condition of the coolant as well. It should be relatively clear. If it’s brown or rust-colored, the system should be drained, flushed and refilled. Even if the coolant appears to be normal, the corrosion inhibitors wear out, so it must be replaced at the specified intervals

Windshield and rear window washer fluid

1 The fluid for the windshield washer system is stored in a plastic reservoir. On 2005 and earlier models, the fluid for the rear wiper/washer system is located in the right rear part of the cargo area, behind a trim panel. On 2006 and later models, the rear wiper washer system uses fluid from the same reservoir as the windshield wiper/washer system
2 The windshield washer fluid reservoir is located in the right side of the engine compartment
3 In milder climates, plain water can be used in the reservoir, but it should be kept no more than two-thirds full to allow for expansion if the water freezes. In colder climates, use windshield washer system antifreeze, available at any auto parts store, to lower the freezing point of the fluid. Mix the antifreeze with water in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions on the container
Caution: DO NOT use cooling system antifreeze - it will damage the vehicle’s paint. To help prevent icing in cold weather, warm the windshield with the defroster before using the washer

Brake fluid

1 The brake fluid reservoir is located on top of the brake master cylinder on the driver’s side of the engine compartment near the firewall
2 The brake fluid level should be kept at the upper (MAX) mark
3 If additional fluid is necessary to bring the level up, use a rag to clean all dirt off the top of the reservoir to prevent contamination of the system. Also, make sure all painted surfaces around the reservoir are covered, since brake fluid will ruin paint. Carefully pour new, clean brake fluid obtained from a sealed container into the reservoir. Be sure the specified fluid is used; mixing different types of brake fluid can cause damage to the system. See Recommended lubricants and fluids below or your owner’s manual
4 At this time the fluid and the master cylinder should be inspected for contamination. Normally the brake hydraulic system won’t need periodic draining and refilling, but if rust deposits, dirt particles or water droplets are observed in the fluid, the system should be dismantled, cleaned and refilled with fresh fluid. Over time brake fluid will absorb moisture from the air. Moisture in the fluid lowers the fluid boiling point; if the fluid boils, the brakes will become ineffective. Normal brake fluid is clear in color. If the brake fluid is dark brown in color, it’s a good idea to replace it
5 Reinstall the fluid reservoir cap
6 The brake fluid in the master cylinder will drop slightly as the brake lining material at each wheel wears down during normal operation. If the master cylinder requires repeated replenishing to maintain the correct level, there is a leak in the brake system that should be corrected immediately. Check all brake lines and connections, along with the calipers and power brake booster
7 If you discover that the reservoir is empty or nearly empty, the system should be thoroughly inspected, refilled and then bled

Power steering fluid

1 Check the power steering fluid level periodically to avoid steering system problems, such as damage to the pump
Caution: DO NOT hold the steering wheel against either stop (extreme left or right turn) for more than five seconds. If you do, the power steering pump could be damaged
2 The power steering fluid reservoir is located next to the coolant reservoir
3 For the check, the front wheels should be pointed straight ahead and the engine should be off
4 The reservoir has MIN and MAX fluid level marks on the side for cold and hot levels. The fluid level can be seen without removing the reservoir cap
5 At normal operating temperature, the power steering fluid level should be between the HOT MIN and MAX marks (A); When cold, it should be between the COLD MIN and MAX marks (B)
6 If additional fluid is required, pour the specified type directly into the reservoir, using a funnel to prevent spills
7 If the reservoir requires frequent fluid additions, all power steering hoses, hose connections, steering gear and the power steering pump should be carefully checked for leaks

Automatic transaxle

Note: It isn’t necessary to check the transaxle fluid weekly; every 12,000 miles or 12 months will be adequate (unless a fluid leak is noticed)
Note: On 2011 and later models, transaxle fluid level check is not a routine maintenance item. The transaxle fluid level check would normally only be done if a leak is suspected or when the fluid is replaced

2010 and earlier models

1 The automatic transaxle fluid level should be carefully maintained. Low fluid level can lead to slipping or loss of drive, while overfilling can cause foaming and loss of fluid
2 With the parking brake set, start the engine, then move the shift lever through all the gear ranges, ending in Neutral. The fluid level must be checked with the vehicle level and the engine running at idle
Note: Incorrect fluid level readings will result if the vehicle has just been driven at high speeds for an extended period, in hot weather in city traffic, or if it has been pulling a trailer. If any of these conditions apply, wait until the fluid has cooled (about 30 minutes)
3 With the transaxle at normal operating temperature, remove the dipstick (arrow) from the filler tube. The dipstick is located between the left end of the engine and the air filter housing (2005 and earlier models) or battery (2006 through 2010 models)
Note: Normal operating temperature is reached after a few miles of driving
4 Wipe the fluid from the dipstick with a clean rag and push it back into the filler tube until the cap seats
5 Pull the dipstick out again and note the fluid level
6 Check the fluid with the transaxle at normal operating temperature - the level should be kept in the HOT range (between the two marks). If additional fluid is required, add it directly into the tube using a funnel. Add the fluid a little at a time and keep checking the level until it’s correct
Note: Wait at least two minutes before rechecking the fluid level to allow the fluid to fully drain into the transaxle
7 The condition of the fluid should also be checked along with the level. If the fluid at the end of the dipstick is a dark reddish-brown color, or if it smells burned, it should be changed. If you are in doubt about the condition of the fluid, purchase some new fluid and compare the two for color and smell

Specifications

Engine oil
  Type API “Certified for gasoline engines”
  Viscosity
    2005 and earlier models SAE 10W-30
    2006 and later models SAE 5W-20
Automatic transaxle fluid
  2010 and earlier 5-speed automatic transaxle Genuine Diamond ATF SP-III automatic transaxle fluid or equivalent
  2011 and later 6-speed automatic transaxle SP-IV automatic transaxle fluid or equivalent
Power steering fluid Genuine Diamond PSF-III power steering fluid or equivalent
Brake fluid DOT type 3 brake fluid
Engine coolant 50/50 mixture of ethylene glycol (for use with aluminum) and water
Door and liftgate latch Multi-purpose grease
Fuel filler door remote control latch mechanism Multi-purpose grease
Hood, door and liftgate hinge lubricant Engine oil
Key lock cylinder lubricant Graphite spray
Parking brake mechanism Multi-purpose grease

Capacities*

Engine oil (including filter)
  2005 and earlier models 4.55 quarts 4.3 liters
  2006 and later models 5.5 quarts 5.2 liters
Automatic transaxle (total)**
  2005 and earlier models 8.9 quarts 8.5 liters
  2006 through 2010 models 11.5 quarts 10.9 liters
  2011 and later models 8.2 quarts 7.8 liters
Cooling system
  2005 and earlier models 8.61 quarts 8.2 liters
  2006 through 2010 models 9.9 quarts 8.6 liters
  2011 and later models 8.8 quarts 8.3 liters
*All capacities approximate. Add as necessary to bring to appropriate level.
**This is a dry-fill specification. The best way to determine the amount of fluid to add during a routine fluid change is to measure the amount drained. It’s important to not overfill the transaxle.
Torque specifications Ft-lbs (unless otherwise indicated) Nm
Note: One foot-pound (ft-lb) of torque is equivalent to 12 inch-pounds (in-lbs) of torque. Torque values below approximately 15 ft-lbs are expressed in inch-pounds, since most foot-pound torque wrenches are not accurate at these smaller values
Automatic transaxle
  2010 and earlier models
    Drain plug 29 to 36 40 to 50
  2011 and later models
    Oil level plug 26 to 32 35 to 44
    Banjo bolt* 26 to 32 35 to 44
Engine oil drain plug 26 to 32 35 to 45
Engine oil filter cap (2006 and later models) 25 35
Wheel lug nuts 66 to 79 90 to 108
* Use new bolt/nut(s)
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