How an engine’s drive belt works

Auxiliary drive belt image

Your car’s auxiliary drive belt powers the cooling fan, alternator, power steering pump, water pump and air-con compressor and the cooling fan. Some engines use more than one belt to operate these ancillary items.

Sometimes known as the serpentine belt because of the way it snakes around a series of pulleys, the auxiliary belt is powered by the crankshaft pulley; it’s important that the belt is at the correct tension if it’s to operate properly.

Depending on which belt needs to be replaced, and the model of your car, this task could require some experience. You’ll need a torque wrench along as well as basic tools.

Every car is different, so before you view the full instructions, find yours…

When to change your drive belt

“Drive belts are designed to last for between 40,000 miles and 100,000 miles”

A drive belt should be inspected regularly. Fail to do so and when it fails it’s likely to leave you stranded at the side of the road. Drive belts are rubber-based and are designed to last for between 40,000 miles and 100,000 miles - check your car’s handbook for guidance.

The belt(s) should be examined every time the car is serviced. It’s not unusual for a ribbed belt to exhibit small cracks in the edges of the belt ribs, and unless these are extensive or very deep, belt replacement is not essential. However, if two or more ribs are missing for more than half an inch or there are cracks running parallel to the ‘V’ portions of the belt, it needs to be replaced.

All cars are slightly different, so if it is time to change your drive belt, use our before you begin checklist, and find your car for specific instructions.

Warning

It’s not unusual for a ribbed belt to exhibit small cracks on the edges of the belt ribs

How to change your drive belt

This is a clip from a sample video. Find the full step-by-step task for your model

A very brief summary of the task:

  1. Disconnect the negative cable from the battery. You may need to remove a wheel and the wheel liner to access the belt
  2. If your car has a tensioner, rotate it to release the belt tension
  3. Remove the belt and locate the new one on the pulleys. Set the tension
  4. Replace the wheel liner, wheel and reconnect the battery

Why you should change your drive belt

Drive belts are key for the operation of a car’s ancillary items. If the air-con compressor belt fails, you could continue to drive, but the chances are that a different belt operating a more critical component - or a serpentine belt, which runs several systems - will fail if not maintained and you’ll be left stranded.

When a drive belt fails it tends to do so in one go - it’ll split or shred immediately and you’ll know straight away that something is wrong with the engine. Sometimes the belt splits longitudinally and remains on the pulleys. You may not realise the belt is failing but as soon as you do it’s important to stop the engine and replace the belt.

Before you begin

Tools you will need

Only basic tools are required for this job, although you may need to raise the car to remove the undershield.

  • Floor jack (if necessary). Not your car’s emergency jack
  • Axle stands
  • Ratchet and socket set
  • Flat-bladed/Phillips/torx screwdriver
  • Torque wrench
  • Breaker bar

Parts you may need

  • Drive V belt - Buy a good quality belt
  • Tensioner - A broken belt can sometimes damage the tensioner

Every car is different, so before you view the full instructions, find yours…