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2004-2014 Ford F-150 Pickup Truck Routine Maintenance FAQ

Ford F-150

Modern vehicles need much less maintenance than the vehicles of 25 years ago, but they still need fluid changes, inspections, and adjustments. You no longer need to do a tune-up every six months or change the oil every three months, but regular service and check-ups are still essential to your vehicle’s longevity. What follows is our quick reference guide for the 2004-2014 Ford F-150 pickup truck, taken directly from Haynes manual 36061.

Most of these recommended routine maintenance tasks you can do yourself at home for practically no money, as long as you have a few simple tools and the time to invest. If you need more guidance, or even step by step instructions and a video demonstration, get the online manual, or our traditional printed manual.

Oil Change

Oil type API “certified for gasoline engines,” synthetic
Oil viscosity SAE 5W-20
Oil capacity (including filter)  
V6 engines 6.0 quarts
V8 engines  
4.6L 6.0 quarts
5.0L 6.0 quarts
5.4L 7.0 quarts
6.2L 7.0 quarts
Recommended fastener torque  
Oil drain plug  
V6 engines  
2010 and earlier V6 engines 17 ft-lbs
3.5L and 3.7L V6 20 ft-lbs
V8 engines  
2010 and earlier V8 engines 120 in-lbs
5.0L V6 19 ft-lbs
6.2L V8 17 ft-lbs

Transmission Fluid Change

Automatic transmission fluid type  
Four-speed transmission MERCON® V automatic transmission fluid
Six-speed transmission MERCON® LV automatic transmission fluid
Manual transmission lubricant MERCON® automatic transmission fluid
Caution Be sure to use the correct type of transmission fluid. Do not mix MERCON® and MERCON® V or LV
Automatic transmission fluid capacity (dry fill)  
Four-speed transmission Up to 13.9 quarts
Six-speed transmission Up to 10.1 quarts
2011 and later Up to 13 quarts
Note: This is a dry-fill specification so the amount for a routine fluid change will be substantially less. Determine the amount of fluid to add by measuring the amount drained, initially add 1/3 of that amount. Then, with the engine running, add 1/2-pint at a time (shifting through each gear position between additions) until the level is correct. It is important to not overfill the transmission.
Manual transmission fluid capacity Up to 3.75 quarts
Recommended fastener torque  
Automatic transmission pan bolts 120 in-lbs
Manual transmission  
Fill plug 35 ft-lbs
Drain plug 35 ft-lbs

Transfer Case and Differential Fluid Change

Fluid type  
Transfer case MERCON® automatic transmission fluid
Rear differential**  
2004 models SAE 75W-90 Motorcraft High Performance Synthetic Rear Axle Lube or equivalent.
2005 and later models SAE 75W-140 Motorcraft High Performance Synthetic Rear Axle Lube or equivalent.
Front differential SAE 75W-90 Motorcraft High Performance Synthetic Rear Axle Lube or equivalent.
Caution Be sure to use the correct type of transmission fluid. Do not mix MERCON® and MERCON® V or LV
Fluid Capacity  
Transfer case Up to 2.9 quarts
Rear differential  
8.8/9.75 inch axle Up to 5.5 pints
10.25 inch axle** Up to 6.9 pints
**Traction-Lock limited slip differentials add 6.5 pints of SAE 75W-140 and 8 oz. of friction modifier XL-3 (2004-2010 models) or 4 oz. of modifier (2011 and up).
Recommended fastener torque  
Transfer case  
Transfer case fill and drain plugs 18 ft-lbs
Front differential  
Cover bolts 24 ft-lbs
Fill plug 18 ft-lbs
Rear differential  
Cover bolts 33 ft-lbs
Check/fill plug 22 ft-lbs

Cooling System Flush and Fill

Coolant type  
2010 and earlier models Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine Coolant (yellow colored)
2011 and later models Motorcraft Orange Engine Coolant (orange colored)
Cooling system capacity  
Pushrod V6 engines 17.6 quarts
OHC V6 engines  
3.5L 16.5 quarts
3.7L 16.0 quarts
V8 engines  
4.6L 20.5 quarts
5.0L 17.0 quarts
5.4L 20.9 quarts
6.2L 19.5 quarts
Caution:  Do not mix coolants of different colors. Doing so might damage the cooling system and/or the engine. The manufacturer specifies a gold colored coolant to be used in these systems. 

Other Miscellaneous Fluid Types

Brake fluid type DOT 3 brake fluid
Clutch fluid type DOT 3 brake fluid
Power steering fluid MERCON® automatic transmission fluid

Other Miscellaneous Torque Specs

Spark plugs  
V6 engines 132 in-lbs
V8 engines  
4.6L 132 in-lbs
5.0L 124 in-lbs
5.4L 25 ft-lbs
6.2L 159 in-lbs
Drivebelt tensioner mounting bolt(s)  
V6 engines  
2010 and earlier V6 engines 41 ft-lbs
3.5L and 3.7L V6 18 ft-lbs
V8 engines  
2010 and earlier V8 engines 18 ft-lbs
5.0L V8 35 ft-lbs
6.2L V8 18 ft-lbs
Wheel lug nuts 150 ft-lbs
Brake caliper mounting bracket bolts  
2004 through 2008 models 148 ft-lbs
2009 models 136 ft-lbs
2010 and later models 184 ft-lbs
2008 and earlier models 60 ft-lbs
2009 through 2011 models 122 ft-lbs
2012 and later models 111 ft-lbs
Brake caliper mounting bolts  
Front (guide pin bolts)  
2004 models 47 ft-lbs
2005 through 2009 models 55 ft-lbs
2010 and later models 27 ft-lbs
2004 through 2011 models 22 ft-lbs
2012 and later models 24 ft-lbs
Ford F-150 rear cover

Maintenance Schedule

The following intervals are based on the assumption that you will be doing the service work yourself, as opposed to paying to have the work done. These are our recommended minimum maintenance intervals for vehicles that are driven daily, and in many cases are shorter than the factory’s recommendations. Because frequent maintenance enhances the efficiency, performance and resale value of your Jeep, we encourage you to follow our schedule. If you drive in dusty areas, tow a trailer, idle or drive at low speeds for extended periods, or drive for short periods (less than four miles at a time) in below freezing temperatures, even smaller intervals are recommended.

When the vehicle is new, follow the maintenance schedule to the letter, record it in your owner’s manual and keep all receipts to protect the warranty and resale value. In many cases the initial maintenance check is done by the dealer at no cost (check with the service department when you buy the truck for more information).

Every 250 miles or weekly, whichever comes first

  • Check the engine oil level
  • Check the engine coolant level
  • Check the brake and clutch fluid level
  • Check the windshield washer fluid level
  • Check the power steering fluid level
  • Check the automatic transmission lubricant level
  • Check the tires and tire pressures

Every 3000 miles or 3 months, whichever comes first

All items listed above plus: 

  • Change the engine oil and oil filter
  • Rotate the tires
  • Check the manual transmission lubricant level
  • Check the transfer case lubricant level (4WD models)
  • Check the differential lubricant level

Every 7500 miles or 6 months, whichever comes first

All items listed above plus: 

  • Inspect and replace, if necessary, the windshield wiper blades
  • Check and service the battery
  • Check the cooling system
  • Check the seat belts

Every 15,000 miles or 12 months, whichever comes first

All items listed above plus: 

  • Inspect and replace, if necessary, all underhood hoses
  • Inspect the brake system*
  • Inspect the suspension and steering components
  • Fuel system check
  • Inspect and replace, if necessary, air filter*

Every 30,000 miles or 24 months, whichever comes first

All items listed above plus

  • Check the exhaust system
  • Replace the fuel filter
  • Replace the air filter*
  • Change the brake fluid
  • Check the engine drivebelt

Every 60,000 miles or 48 months, whichever comes first

All items listed above plus: 

  • Replace manual transmission lubricant*
  • Replace the Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) valve
  • Check and replace, if necessary, the spark plugs
  • Check the ignition coils (V8 engines)
  • Inspect and replace, if necessary, the spark plug wires (V6 engines)
  • Replace the differential lubricant*

Every 100,000 miles

  • Service the cooling system (drain, flush and refill)
  • Replace the automatic transmission fluid**
  • Replace the transfer case lubricant
  • Replace the spark plugs


* This item is affected by “severe” operating conditions as described below. If your vehicle is operated under severe conditions, perform these maintenance tasks at 3000 miles/3 month intervals. Severe conditions include the following:

  • Operating in mostly dusty areas (dirt roads, or off-road)
  • Idling for extended periods and/or low speed operation
  • Mostly short trips (less than 4 miles) when outside temperatures remain below freezing

** If operated under one or more of the following conditions, change the automatic transmission fluid every 15,000 miles.

  • In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature is regularly above 90-degrees F (32-degrees C)
  • In hilly or mountainous terrain 
  • Frequent trailer towing 
  • Frequent off road use