The Holden brand was actually established in 1856 by Englishman James Holden as a saddlery. The company moved into the automotive world in 1908, starting off making car upholstery and offering car repairs. It began to make sidecar bodies in 1913, moving on to whole vehicle bodies. In 1931 it became part of the General Motors group. It continued building bodies until after the Second World War, when it designed its own vehicle. This was given government backing and appeared in 1948. Demand for cars was booming, and Holden capitalised throughout the 1950s, 60s and 70s. After a tough time in 1980s, the company’s fortunes improved in the 90s, before slumping again after the millennium. In 2013, it announced it would stop building engines and cars in Australia, and in 2015 began to sell rebadged European Opel models. At Haynes, we have an extensive range of Holden repair manuals and online procedures available for professional mechanics and DIY car enthusiasts alike. We can give you all the guidance you need.