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5 common problems with wheel alignment

5 common problems with wheel alignment

Incorrect wheel alignment can cause all sorts of problems for you behind the wheel. A correctly aligned car will feel surefooted and stable to drive, whereas an incorrect wheel alignment can cause all manner of issues from excessive tyre wear to being dangerous to drive.

Here are the 5 most common problems caused by incorrect wheel alignment…

01 Increased tyre wear

Unsurprisingly, if your wheels aren’t pointing in the same direction as each other, you will experience accelerated tyre wear.

The most common culprit is excessive toe (either in or out) causing uneven wear across the tyre, but too much negative camber can also cause tyres to wear out faster on the inner edges.

02 Reduced performance

To ensure the optimum performance from your car, you will need the maximum contact patch between the tyre and the road.

Incorrect wheel alignment will reduce the contact patch between your tyres and the road, affecting braking and cornering performance.

Also, extra effort is required to effectively push the tyres across the road if the front wheels aren’t parallel. Imagine you are rolling the wheel and tyre down a line on the road – it’s quite easy and the wheel will roll freely.

Now imagine turning that wheel at a 45 degree angle and trying to roll along the same line; much more effort is required to push the wheel along the line, as it naturally wants to go off at a different angle – the same is true if a car’s toe in/out settings are incorrect.

03 Pulling to one side

Another common problem with wheel alignment, specifically the toe settings, results in the car wanting to pull to one side of the road.

If the front wheels are toeing out (pointing away from each other) the car will naturally want to pull to one side, because when one wheel is in the dead ahead position, the other wheel is trying to turn a corner.

04 Increased fuel consumption

If the wheels are misaligned and require extra effort to turn them, naturally the amount of fuel the car uses is also going to increase.

With the wheels aligned correctly none of the car’s power is wasted overcoming misalignment issues, and therefore fuel economy is improved.

05 Instability

At worst, misalignment can cause the car to feel very nervous and twitchy, especially at speed.

Setting wheel alignment correctly

The cure

To avoid any of these issues, simply ensure your car’s wheel alignment is set correctly. Most garages can do this for a small fee (around £30 for front wheels only, or around £60-70 for full four-wheel alignment), and the adjustments they make will ensure your wheels are perfectly aligned. It really is worth the investment as it will result in a more stable, surefooted car, with improved fuel economy, and reduced tyre wear.